Volume 4, Issue 4 (DECEMBER ISSUE 2023)                   johepal 2023, 4(4): 125-145 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Haupt J P, Lee J J, Houlette H. (2023). Reluctant Collaborators: China-Russia Co-Publications over the Past Decade. johepal. 4(4), 125-145. doi:10.61186/johepal.4.4.125
URL: http://johepal.com/article-1-533-en.html
Abstract:   (615 Views)
Given the geopolitical tensions involving western nations with China and Russia, this paper investigates the extent to which China and Russia have turned toward one another, or increased their scientific collaboration. It uses bibliometric data to examine trends in China-Russia co-publications from 2013 to 2022 and the value that collaboration has had for each country’s scientific output. The findings reveal that China-Russia co-publications increased markedly, and the majority of the growth occurred in multilateral co-publications. Moreover, for Russia, China has emerged as a more important international collaborator, but for China, the importance of Russia has remained relatively the same. Likewise, collaborations with China contributed more to growth in Russia’s publication output compared to Russia’s contribution to China’s growth in output. Finally, China-Russia co-publications tended to occur in physics and astronomy and other applied science fields. These findings have implications for future collaboration between the two countries and potential challenges to the Euro-American dominance in global science.
Full-Text [PDF 2105 kb]   (259 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/07/21 | Accepted: 2023/11/16 | Published: 2023/12/31

References
1. Adams, J., Johnson, J., & Grant, J. (2022). The rise of UK–China research collaboration: Trends, opportunities and challenges. Science and Public Policy, 49(1), 132-147. [DOI]
2. Alliance of International Science Organizations (AISO). (2022). ASNO members. [Article]
3. Avanesova, A. A., & Shamliyan, T. A. (2018). Comparative trends in research performance of the Russian universities. Scientometrics, 116(3), 2019-2052. [DOI]
4. Beaver, D. d., & Rosen, R. (1979). Studies in scientific collaboration Part III. Professionalization and the natural history of modern scientific co-authorship. Scientometrics, 1(3), 231-245. [DOI]
5. Bendett, S., & Kania, E. B. (2019). A new Sino-Russian high-tech partnership: Authoritarian innovation in an era of great-power rivalry (Report No. 22). Australian Strategic Policy Institute. [Article]
6. Benner, M., Liu, L., & Serger, S. S. (2012). Head in the clouds and feet on the ground: Research priority setting in China. Science and Public Policy, 39(2), 258-270. [DOI]
7. Block, M., & Khvatova, T. (2017). University transformation: Explaining policy-making and trends in higher education in Russia. Journal of Management Development, 36(6), 761-779. [DOI]
8. Brainard, J., & Normile, D. (2022). China rises to first place in one key metric of research impact. Science, 377(6608), 799. [Article]
9. BRICS. (2014). First BRICS Science, Technology and Innovation Ministerial Meeting: Cape Town Declaration. [Article]
10. Cai, Y. (2023). Towards a new model of EU-China innovation cooperation: Bridging missing links between international university collaboration and international industry collaboration. Technovation, 119, 102553. [DOI]
11. Cao, C, Baas, J., Wagner, C. S., & Jonkers, K. (2020). Returning scientists and the emergence of China’s science system. Science and Public Policy, 47(2), 172-183. [DOI]
12. Chen, D., & Lei, W. (2022, May 02). Where is China-US technology competition going?. The Diplomat. [Article]
13. Choi, S. (2012). Core-periphery, new clusters, or rising stars?: International scientific collaboration among ‘advanced’ countries in the era of globalization. Scientometrics, 90(1), 25-41. [DOI]
14. Christie, E. H. (2015, July 13). Sanctions after Crimea: Have they worked? NATO Review. [Article]
15. Elsevier. (2023). Scopus content coverage guide. [Article]
16. Finardi, U. (2015). Scientific collaboration between BRICS countries. Scientometrics, 102(2), 1139-1166. [DOI]
17. Finardi, U., & Buratti, A. (2016). Scientific collaboration framework of BRICS countries: An analysis of international coauthorship. Scientometrics. 109(1), 433-446. [DOI]
18. Fu, H. Z., Chuang, K. Y., Wang, M. H., & Ho, Y. S. (2011). Characteristics of research in China assessed with essential science indicators. Scientometrics, 88(3), 841-862. [DOI]
19. Gokhberg, L., & Kuznetsova, T. (2021). Russian Federation. In S. Schneegans, T. Straza, & J. Lewis (Eds.), UNESCO Science Report: The Race against Time for Smarter Development (pp. 347-365). UNESCO Publishing. [Article]
20. Gokhberg, L., Kuznetsova, T., & Zaichenko, S. (2009). Towards a new role of universities in Russia: Prospects and limitations. Science and Public Policy, 36(2), 121-126. [DOI]
21. Gordin, M. D. (2009). Review of Science in the New Russia: Crisis, Aid, Reform by L. Graham & I. Dezhina (Eds.). Slavic Review, 68(4), 1013-1014. [DOI]
22. Graham, L., & Dezhina, I. (2008). Science in the New Russia: Crisis, Aid, Reform. Indiana University Press.
23. Guskov, A. E., Kosyakov, D. V., & Selivanova, I. V. (2018). Boosting research productivity in top Russian universities: The circumstances of breakthrough. Scientometrics, 117(2), 1053-1080. [DOI]
24. Haupt, J. P. (2022). Global hierarchies in science: An examination of USAID’s Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Research Program (Order No. 29164139) [Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.
25. Haupt, J. P., & Lee, J. J. (2021). Geopolitical tensions and global science: Understanding U.S.-China scientific research collaboration through scientific nationalism and scientific globalism. In J. J. Lee (Ed.), U.S. Power in International Higher Education (pp. 77-93). Rutgers University Press.
26. Huang, F. (2015). Building the world-class research universities: A case study of China. Higher Education, 70(2), 203-215. [DOI]
27. Kamalyan, A. M., & Egorova, M. A. (2020). International scientific and technical cooperation as an independent direction of foreign policy: Russian and French experience. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1685(1), 12002. [DOI]
28. Korolev, A., & Portyakov, V. (2019). Reluctant allies: System-unit dynamics and China-Russia relations. International Relations, 33(1), 40-66. [DOI]
29. Kosyakov, D., & Guskov, A. (2019). Impact of national science policy on academic migration and research productivity in Russia. Procedia Computer Science, 146, 60-71. [DOI]
30. Lee, J. J. (Ed.). (2021). U.S. Power in International Higher Education. Rutgers University Press.
31. Lee, J. J., & Haupt, J. P. (2020). Winners and losers in US-China scientific research collaborations. Higher Education, 80(1), 57-74. [DOI]
32. Lisitskaya, T., Taranov, P., Ugnich, E., & Pislyakov, V. (2018). Pillar universities in Russia: The rise of "the second wave”. In STI 2018 Conference Proceedings (pp. 1-10). Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS). [Article]
33. Maizland, L. (2022, June 14). China and Russia: Exploring ties between two authoritarian powers. Council on Foreign Relations. [Article]
34. Marginson, S. (2022). What drives global science? The four competing narratives. Studies in Higher Education, 47(8), 1566-1584. [DOI]
35. Moed, H. F., Markusova, V., & Akoev, M. (2018). Trends in Russian research output indexed in Scopus and Web of Science. Scientometrics, 116(2), 1153-1180. [DOI]
36. National Science Board (NSB). (2021). Publications output: U.S. trends and international comparisons. [Article]
37. Olechnicka, A., Ploszaj, A., & Celińska-Janowicz, D. (2019). The Geography of Scientific Collaboration. Routledge.
38. Radin, A., Scobell, A., Treyger, E., Williams, J. D., Ma, L., Shatz, H. J., Zeigler, S. M., Han, E., & Reach, C. (2021). China-Russia Cooperation: Determining Factors, Future Trajectories, Implications for the United States. Rand Corporation. [Article]
39. Schiermeier, Q. (2020). Russia aims to revive science after era of stagnation. Nature, 579(7799), 332-336. [DOI]
40. Schott, T. (1998). Ties between center and periphery in the scientific world-system: Accumulation of rewards, dominance and self-reliance in the center. Journal of World-Systems Research, 4(2), 112-144. [DOI]
41. Schubert, T., & Sooryamoorthy, R. (2010). Can the centre–periphery model explain patterns of international scientific collaboration among threshold and industrialised countries? The case of South Africa and Germany. Scientometrics, 83(1), 181-203. [DOI]
42. Schwaag-Serger, S., & Breidne, M. (2007). China’s 15-year plan for science and technology: An assessment. Asia Policy, 4(July 2007), 135-164. [DOI]
43. Shashnov, S., & Kotsemir, M. (2018). Research landscape of the BRICS countries: Current trends in research output, thematic structures of publications, and the relative influence of partners. Scientometrics, 117(2), 1115-1155. [DOI]
44. Smith, T. (1979). The underdevelopment of development literature: The case of dependency theory. World Politics, 31(2), 247-288. [DOI]
45. Stone, R. (2022). Science ties to Russia cut after Ukraine invasion: Institutions struggle to remain neutral as Western nations take hardline stances. Science, 375(6585), 1074-1076. [Article]
46. Sun, Y., & Cao, C., (2021). Planning for science: China’s “grand experiment” and global implications. Humanities and Social Science Communication, 8:215, 1-9. [DOI]
47. Turko, T., Bakhturin, G., Bagan, V., Poloskov, S., & Gudym, D. (2016). Influence of the program “5–top 100” on the publication activity of Russian universities. Scientometrics, 109(2), 769-782. [DOI]
48. Van Noorden, R. (2023). Data hint at Russia’s shifting science collaborations after year of war. Nature, 615(7951), 199-200. [DOI]
49. Von der Burchard, H. (2019, March 12). EU slams China as ‘systemic rival’ as trade tension rises. Politico. [Article]
50. Wagner, C. S. (2022). Updated List of China's Science and Technology Agreements and related agreements USE ME. [DOI]
51. Wagner, C. S., & Jonkers, K. (2017). Open countries have strong science. Nature, 550(7674), 32-33. [DOI]
52. Wang, Q., & Cheng, Y. (2014). Reflections on the effects of the 985 project in Mainland China. In Y. Cheng, Q. Wang, & N. C. Liu (Eds.), How World-Class Universities Affect Global Higher Education: Influences and Responses (pp. 103-114). Sense Publishers. [Article]
53. Wang, X., Xu, S., Wang, Z., Peng, L., & Wang, C. (2013). International scientific collaboration of China: Collaborating countries, institutions and individuals. Scientometrics, 95(3), 885-894. [DOI]
54. Wen, W., Zhou, L., & Hu, D. (2022). Navigating and negotiating global science: Tensions in China's national science system. Studies in Higher Education, 47(12), 2473-2486. [DOI]
55. Xie, Y., Zhang, C., & Lai, Q. (2014). China’s rise as a major contributor to science and technology. PNAS, 111(26), 9437-9442. [DOI]
56. Yang, R., & Welch, A. (2012). A world-class university in China? The case of Tsinghua. Higher Education, 63(5), 645-666. [DOI]
57. Yuan, L., Hao, Y., Li, M., Bao, C., Li, J., & Wu, D. (2018). Who are the international research collaboration partners for China? A novel data perspective based on NSFC grants. Scientometrics, 116(1), 401-422. [DOI]
58. Zhang, C., & Guo, J. (2017). China’s international research collaboration: Evidence from a panel gravity model. Scientometrics, 113(2), 1129-1139. [DOI]
59. Zhao, K., & You, Z. (2021). Isomorphism, diversification, and strategic ambiguity: Goal setting of Chinese higher education institutions in the double world-class project. Higher Education Policy, 34(4), 841-860. [DOI]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Higher Education Policy And Leadership Studies

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb