Volume 2, Issue 3 (SEPTEMBER ISSUE 2021)                   johepal 2021, 2(3): 160-178 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kirloskar P, Inamdar N. Shifting International Student Mobility Directions and Factors Influencing Students’ Higher Education Destination Choices. johepal. 2021; 2 (3) :160-178
URL: http://johepal.com/article-1-134-en.html
Abstract:   (1010 Views)
Student mobility is an integral facet of the internationalization of higher education. In the last couple of decades, the landscape of global student mobility has been influenced by economic and cultural reasons, national political climate, and global geopolitical realities. The paper attempts to trace student mobility flows, explore the historical developments surrounding international higher education which have caused the shift in student mobility directions, and highlight the emergence of new higher education destinations. The paper closely looks at the literature on student mobility in the US, UK, continental Europe, India, and China. It primarily explores the factors which have impacted international student mobility. The secondary data related to changing student mobility trends and factors influencing student mobility was extensively reviewed. The findings revealed that an array of factors such as linguistic landscape, national immigration policies, welcoming environment of the host country, quality of higher education institutions emerged as the central considerations for students choosing to study abroad. This paper argues for, against the shifting student mobility directions and flows, continental Europe may emerge and continue to be an important higher education destination. The significance of this study lies in the fact that considering the student mobility landscape is volatile and the factors influencing study choices of students are varied, policy-makers and higher education leaders need to be cognizant of student motivations while formulating policies and strategies in higher education.
Full-Text [PDF 1834 kb]   (337 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/07/15 | Accepted: 2021/09/23 | Published: 2021/09/30

1. Altbach, P. G., & Engberg, D. (2014). Global student mobility: The changing landscape. International Higher Education, (77), 11-13. [DOI]
2. Altbach, P., & De Wit, H. (2018). Are we facing a fundamental challenge to higher education internationalization?. International Higher Education, (93), 2-4. [DOI]
3. Bedenlier, S., Kondakci, Y., & Zawacki-Richter, O. (2018). Two decades of research into the internationalization of higher education: Major themes in the Journal of Studies International Education (1997–2016). Journal of Studies in International Education, 22(2), 108-135. [DOI]
4. Bista, K., & C. Foster. (Eds.). (2016). Campus Support Services, Programs, and Policies for International Students. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. [DOI]
5. de Ridder-Symoens, H. (Ed.). (2003). A History of the University in Europe: Volume 2, Universities in Early Modern Europe (1500-1800). Cambridge University Press.
6. de Wit, H. (2002). Internationalization of Higher Education in the United States of America and Europe: A Historical, Comparative, and Conceptual Analysis. USA: Greenwood Publishing Group.
7. de Wit, H. (2010). Recent trends and issues in international student mobility. International Higher Education, (59). 13-14. [DOI]
8. de Wit, H., & Hunter, F. (2015). Understanding internationalisation of higher education in the European context. Internationalisation of higher education, 41-58.
9. de Wit, H., Ferguson, D., Reza, A., & Immerstein, S. (2018). The new geopolitical climate and its impact on internationalization in higher education: Latest insights. World Education Services Training (WES). Available online at https://knowledge.wes.org/on-demand-the-new-geo-political-climate-impact-on-higher-education.html [Article]
10. Dennis, M. J. (2018). A new age in international student mobility. University World News. Available online at https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20180605103256399 [Article]
11. European Commission. (2014). Erasmus facts, figures & trends: The European :union: support for student and staff exchanges and university cooperation in 2012-2013. Brussels: European Commission. [Article]
12. European Commission. (2018). Erasmus+ Midterm Review. Executive Summary. Brussels.
13. Eurostat. (2016). Key figures on Europe: 2016 edition. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European :union:. [Article]
14. Gu, M. (2017). India: Mapping student mobility from the world’s number two sender. World Education News + Review. Available online at https://wenr.wes.org/2017/08/india-mapping-student-mobility-from-the-worlds-number-2-sender [Article]
15. Ilieva, J. (2017). Do political events in host countries affect international education engagement? Australian International Education Conference. Available online at https://aiec.idp.com/uploads/pdf/PDFs%20AIEC%202017/Do_political_events_in_host_countries_affect_international_education_engagement_Dr_Janet_Ilieva_AIEC2017.pdf [Article]
16. Kelo, M., Teichler, U., & Wächter, B. (Eds.). (2006). EURODATA: Student Mobility in European Higher Education. Bonn: Lemmens Verlags- & Mediengesellschaft mbH. [Article]
17. Marginson, S., Nyland, C., Sawir, E., & Forbes-Mewett, H. (2010). International Student Security. UK: Cambridge University Press.
18. Matthews, D. (2017). The state of higher education in Hungary. Times Higher Education. Available online at http://timeshighereducation.com/features/the-state-of-higher-education-in-hungary [Article]
19. McAllister-Grande, B. (2011). Review of Higher Education in Turmoil: The Changing World of Internationalization by Jane Knight. International Educator, 20(4), 18.
20. National Research Council. (2005). Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. [DOI]
21. O’Malley, B. (2018). ‘Sharp drop’ expected in global student mobility growth. University World News. Available online at https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20180209120222866 [Article]
22. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2017). International mobility of the highly skilled. OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017: The Digital Transformation. Paris: OECD Publishing. [DOI]
23. Pawar, S. K., Dasgupta, H., & Vispute, S. (2020). Analysis of factors influencing international student destination choice: A case of Indian HE. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 44(10), 1388-1400. [DOI]
24. Perraton, H. (2014). A History of Foreign Students in Britain. UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
25. Peters, M. A., Hollings, S., Zhang, M., Quainoo, E. A., Wang, H., Huang, Y., Zhou, S., Laimeche, A., Chunga, J. O., Ren, Z., Khomera, S. W., Zheng, W., Xu, R., Mou, C., Green, B. (2021). The changing map of international student mobility. ACCESS: Contemporary Issues in Education, 41(1), 7-28. [DOI]
26. Powar, K. B. (2014). International student mobility: The global scenario and Indian mobility trends. In Trends in Internationalization of Higher Education in India. (pp. 7-17). New Delhi: CII and AIU Publication.
27. Redden, E. (2018). Saudi Arabia to withdraw students from Canada. Inside Higher Ed. Available online at https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2018/08/07/saudi-arabia-withdraw-students-canada [Article]
28. Srimathi, H., & Krishnamoorthy, A. (2019). International student mobility based on India’s out/in -bound. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(1), 1395-1398. [Article]
29. Streitwieser, B., Olson, J., Burkhart, S., & Klabunde, N. (2015). Coordinated German internationalization: Broadening perspectives. International Higher Education, (83), 24-26. [DOI]
30. Tantivorakulchai, K. (2014). Thai students’ destination choice for higher education: A comparative study on U.S, U.K and Australia. AU Journal of Management, 12(2), 31-41. [Article]
31. Teichler, U. (2008). Student mobility: Where do we come from, where are we, where are we going to inside the EHEA?. Fostering Student Mobility: Next Steps? Involving Stakeholders for an Improved Mobility Inside the EHEA Conference, Brussels, 29–30 May 2008.
32. Trilokekar, R. D., & Kizilbash, Z. (2013). IMAGINE: Canada as a leader in international education. How can Canada benefit from the Australian experience?. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 43(2), 1-26. [DOI]
33. UNESCO. (2017). Global Education Monitoring Report 2017/8: Accountability in education–Meeting our commitments. Paris: UNESCO. [Article]
34. Wadhwa, R. (2016). Students on move: Understanding decision-making process and destination choice of Indian students. Higher Education for the Future, 3(1), 54-75. [DOI]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Higher Education Policy And Leadership Studies

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb