Volume 2, Issue 3 (SEPTEMBER ISSUE 2021)                   johepal 2021, 2(3): 7-28 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Abstract:   (6639 Views)
Given the critical role that Minority Serving Institutions (MSIs) play in U.S. higher education, it is vital that they have motivated and effective leadership. Ensuring that MSIs have strong leadership is essential to accomplish their goals of serving low-income, first-generation, and students of color, providing a 21st century curricula, and preparing students for the workforce and beyond. The purpose of this study is to explore why leaders pursue the presidency at MSIs. How, specifically, have they developed an interest in and passion for leading MSIs? What draws them to lead this type of institution? We use Greenleaf’s (1977/2002) Servant Leadership model as a framework for this study and our analysis. Our findings indicate that aspiring presidents are focused on the unique purpose of MSIs, a desire to “give back” or “pay it forward” in terms of their experience, a passion for helping underserved students, a commitment to ensuring people of color are in leadership positions, and an interest in solidifying the future of MSIs.
Full-Text [PDF 1534 kb]   (1342 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/07/14 | Accepted: 2021/09/13 | Published: 2021/09/30

1. ACE (2017). American College Presidency Study. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education. [Article]
2. Anderson, S. K., & Davies, T. G. (2000). An ethical decision-making model: A necessary tool for community college presidents and boards of trustees. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 24(9), 711-727. [DOI]
3. Birnbaum, R. (1992). How Academic Leadership Works: Understanding Success and Failure in the College Presidency. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
4. Birnbaum, R., & Umbach, P. D. (2001). Scholar, steward, spanner, stranger: The four career paths of college presidents. The Review of Higher Education, 24(3), 203-217. [DOI]
5. Bogdan, R., & Biklen, S. K. (1998). Qualitative Research for Education. An Introduction to Theories and Methods (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.
6. Brantley, A. (2019). A call to action regarding succession planning and sustainability. Higher Education Today. Available online at https://www.higheredtoday.org/2019/08/05/call-action-regarding-succession-planning- sustainability/ [Article]
7. Briscoe, K. L., & Freeman Jr, S. (2019). The role of mentorship in the preparation and success of university presidents. Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 27(4), 416-438. [DOI]
8. Brown, T. M. (2005). Mentorship and the female college president. Sex Roles, 52(9-10), 659-666. [DOI]
9. Cohen, M. D., & March, J. G. (1974). Leadership and Ambiguity: The American College President, A General Report Prepared for The Carnegie Commission on Higher Education. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
10. Commodore, F., Freeman, S., Gasman, M., & Carter, C. M. (2016). “How it’s done”: The role of mentoring and advice in preparing the next generation of historically black college and university presidents. Education Sciences, 6(2), 19. [DOI]
11. Conrad, C. F., Haworth, J. G., & Millar, S. B. (1993). A Silent Success: Master’s Education in the United States. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
12. Conrad, C., & Gasman, M. (2015). Educating a Diverse Nation: Lessons from Minority-Serving Institutions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
13. Cook, W. B. (1997). Fund raising and the college presidency in an era of uncertainty: From 1975 to the present. The Journal of Higher Education, 68(1), 53-86. [DOI]
14. Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2008). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: SAGE Publishers.
15. Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
16. de los Santos Jr, A. G., & Vega, I. I. (2008). Hispanic presidents and chancellors of institutions of higher education in the United States in 2001 and 2006. Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, 7(2), 156-182. [DOI]
17. DiCroce, D. M. (1995). Women and the community college presidency: Challenges and possibilities. New Directions for Community Colleges, 1995(89), 79-88. [DOI]
18. Eells, W. C., & Hollis, E. V. (1961). The College Presidency 1900-1960: An Annotated Bibliography. US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education.
19. Esters, L. L., & Strayhorn, T. L. (2013). Demystifying the contributions of public land-grant historically black colleges and universities: Voices of HBCU presidents. Negro Educational Review, 64(1-4), 119-134.
20. Esters, L. T., Washington, A., Gasman, M., Commodore, F., O’Neal, B., Freeman, S., Carter, C., & Jimenez, C. D. (2016). Effective leadership: A toolkit for the 21st-century historically black college and university president. Philadelphia, PA: Penn Center for Minority Serving Institutions. [Article]
21. Farrington, E. L. (2008). Strategies to reach gender parity in college presidents. Women in Higher Education. Available online at http://www.whihe.com/printBlog.jsp?id=19251 [Article]
22. Fisher, J. L., & Tack, M. W. (1990). The effective college president. Educational Record, 71(1), 6-10.
23. Fisher, J. L., Tack, M. W., & Wheeler, K. J. (1988). The Effective College President. New York: American Council on Education and Macmillan.
24. Freeman Jr, S., & Gasman, M. (2014). The characteristics of historically black college and university presidents and their role in grooming the next generation of leaders. Teachers College Record, 116(7), 1-34.
25. Freeman Jr, S., & Kochan, F. K. (2012). Academic pathways to university leadership: Presidents’ descriptions of their doctoral education. International Journal of Doctoral Studies, 7. [Article]
26. Freeman Jr, S., & Palmer, R. (2020). Exploring perceptions of effective leadership practices of presidents of historically black colleges and universities. Journal of Underrepresented & Minority Progress, 4(2), 207-228. [DOI]
27. Freeman Jr, S., Commodore, F., Gasman, M., & Carter, C. (2016). Leaders wanted! The skills expected and needed for a successful 21st century historically black college and university presidency. Journal of Black Studies, 47(6), 570-591. [DOI]
28. Friedman, H. H., & Kass-Shraibman, F. (2017). What it takes to be a superior college president: Transform your institution into a learning organization. The Learning Organization, 24(5), 286-297. [DOI]
29. Fujimoto, M. J. (1996). The community college presidency: An Asian Pacific American perspective. New Directions for Community Colleges, 1996(94), 47-56. [DOI]
30. Garcia, G. A. (2019). Becoming Hispanic-Serving Institutions: Opportunities for Colleges and Universities. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
31. Garcia, G. A. (2020). (ed.). Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs) in Practice: Defining “Servingness” at HSIs. New York, NY: Information Age Inc.
32. Gasman, M., & Conrad, C. F. (2013). Educating all students: Minority serving institutions. Philadelphia, PA: Penn Center for Minority Serving Institutions. [Article]
33. Gasman, M., Baez, B., & Turner, C. S. V. (2008). (eds.). Understanding Minority-Serving Institutions. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.
34. Greenleaf, R. K. (1977/2002). Servant-Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press.
35. Herring, P. M. (2010). Historically black college and university presidents: Personal and professional challenges, career paths, and leadership characteristics [Ph.D. Dissertation]. North Carolina, USA: Fayetteville State University. [Article]
36. Imlay, S., & Schaap, B. M. (2019). Presidents of minority serving institutions. Higher Education Today. Available online at https://www.higheredtoday.org/2019/04/02/infographic-presidents-minority-serving-institutions [Article]
37. Lum, L. (2008). Forming a pipeline to the presidency. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education. 25(7).
38. McLaughlin, J. B., & Riesman, D. (1990). Choosing a College President: Opportunities and Constraints. Princeton University Press.
39. Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldaña, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis. A Methods Sourcebook (3rd ed.). Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.
40. Neumann, A., & Bensimon, E. M. (1990). Constructing the presidency: College presidents' images of their leadership roles, a comparative study. The Journal of Higher Education, 61(6), 678-701. [DOI]
41. Núñez, A. M., Hurtado, S., & Galdeano, E. C. (2015). Hispanic-Serving Institutions: Advancing Research and Transformative Practice. New York: Routledge Press.
42. Palmer, R. T., & Freeman Jr, S. (2020). Examining the perceptions of unsuccessful leadership practices for presidents at historically Black colleges and universities. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 13(3), 254-263. [DOI]
43. Palmer, R. T., Maramba, D. C., Arroyo, A. T., Allen, T. O., Boykin, T. F., & Lee Jr, J. M. (2018). Effective Leadership at Minority-Serving Institutions: Exploring Opportunities and Challenges for Leadership. New York: Routledge.
44. Rhodes, F. H. (1998). The art of the presidency. The Presidency, 1(1), 12-18.
45. Saldaña, J. (2016). The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Inc.
46. Spears, L. C., & Lawrence, M. (2002). (Eds.). Focus on Leadership: Servant-Leadership for the Twenty-First Century. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
47. Thacker, R. S., & Freeman Jr, S. (2019). Avoiding derailment: Symbolic leadership and the university presidency. International Journal of Leadership in Education. [DOI]
48. Trow, M. A. (1984). The University Presidency: Comparative Reflections on Leadership. USA: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
49. van Dierendonck, D. (2011). Servant leadership: A review and syntheses. Journal of Management, 37(4), 1228–1261. [DOI]
50. Vargas, J. G. (2011). Latina presidents: Making a difference at Hispanic-serving institutions. In G. Jean-Marie & B. Lioyd-Jones (Eds.), Women of Color in Higher Education: Turbulent Past, Promising Future (Diversity in Higher Education, Vol 9) (pp. 243-259). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. [DOI]
51. Vaughan, G. B. (1989). Leadership in Transition: The Community College Presidency. New York: American Council on Education/Macmillan Publishing Company.
52. Viernes Turner, C. S. (2007). Pathways to the presidency: Biographical sketches of women of color firsts. Harvard Educational Review, 77(1), 1-38. [DOI]
53. Washington-Lockett, A., Esmieu, P., Anyu, N. W., Martinez, A., Bowen, A., Strothers, A., Commodore, F., Sandoval, C., Irwin, T., Gasman, M., & B. Jones (2018). Missing, but vital: Strategies for women presidents at Minority Serving Institutions. Penn Center for Minority Serving Institutions. [Article]
54. Yin, R. K. (2012). Applications of Case Study Research (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, Inc.
55. Yosso, T. J. (2005). Whose culture has capital? A critical race theory discussion of community cultural wealth. Race Ethnicity and Education, 8(1), 69-91. [DOI]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.